Variety's Jem Aswad described the song as highly anticipated by fans of Beyoncé, calling it \"a driving dance track\", before acknowledging the song's \"plinking\" and \"insistent\" hook. Julianne Escobedo Shepherd of Pitchfork called the track \"dancefloor liberation\" that features \"Beyoncé as an SSRI, her attempt to assuage widespread depression and crushing stress.\" She goes on to highlight the song's position in a lineage of vocal house music and \"Black queer tradition\", calling it a \"palimpsest [with] evocations and sounds layered deep in the sense memories of club heads.\" Writing for NME, Kyann-Sian Williams reported that \"It's amazing to see a rise in black visibility in dance music\" referring to Drake's Honestly, Nevermind alongside \"Break My Soul\". Williams finds some problems in the track, but nevertheless affirms that \"singing over dance tracks is not easy, and only the best R&B stars can do so\" in a song \"sassy, full of pride; [...] It's more than a few tempo and melody issues, thanks to its beautiful message of confidence\".
In the United States, \"Break My Soul\" debuted at number 15 on the Billboard Hot 100 with only three days of sales, becoming Beyoncé's 41st top 40 single as a solo artist and her highest debut since \"Walk on Water\" in 2017. The song also debuted atop the Digital Songs chart, becoming Beyoncé's tenth number one. The following week, the song reached a new peak of number seven after a full tracking week, becoming Beyoncé's 20th top ten single as a solo act and her 30th career top ten single, which includes Destiny's Child. The song also became Beyoncé's first top-ten single in the United States since 2020's remix of \"Savage\" with Megan Thee Stallion and her first solo top ten since 2016's \"Formation\". She joined Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson as the only artists in Hot 100 history to achieve at least twenty top tens as a solo artist and ten as a member of a group. \"Break My Soul\" also topped the Hot Dance/Electronic Songs chart, becoming Beyoncé's first number one on this chart. For the week of July 31, the song reached a new peak of number six on the Hot 100 and spent its fifth week atop the Hot Dance/Electronic Songs chart. Following the release of Renaissance, \"Break My Soul\" ascended to the top of the Hot 100, becoming Beyoncé's eighth number one single as a solo artist and her twelfth including Destiny's Child. The song was driven by 18.9 million streams, 13,000 downloads, and 61.7 million audience impressions for the week ending August 4, 2022. In doing so, Beyoncé holds the eighth-longest span between first and most recent number one songs on the chart as a solo artist, with 19 years and one month since \"Crazy in Love\" featuring Jay-Z began its eight weeks at the summit on July 12, 2003. Additionally, it marked her first Hot 100 number one as a solo artist since \"Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)\" in 2008, nearly 14 years prior. This marked the charts longest gap between solo number one singles since Cher's \"Believe\" ascended to the top of the chart in March 1999, 24 years and 12 months since \"Dark Lady\" in March 1974. The song topped the chart for two consecutive weeks. The song also topped the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, Hot R&B Songs, and logged a sixth week atop the Hot Dance/Electronic Songs chart, becoming the first song ever to top all four charts simultaneously. 153554b96e