In 2012, our University introduced its new Core Curriculum. This shifting curriculum was supposed to accompany an increase in professors and number of classes offered, or, at the very least, a preservation of the status quo. Instead, an extended hiring freeze, combined with many professors retiring and leaving, whether voluntarily or forcibly, led to a decrease of almost 100 total Spring courses offered, and an even greater decrease when discounting cross-listed courses (i.e. counting them only once, instead of under both departments).
To combat these decreases, and in an attempt to maintain variety, almost all Core courses this semester were cross-listed (16/20), and offered within majors.The English department received most of these courses, with six offerings cross-listed. Sociology and History each received two cross-listed courses. The other six cross-listed courses were spread across various departments.
Firstly, in terms of the majors affected by Core courses, most majors wisely added only one, or sometimes two, courses from Core offerings. Extensively cross-listing core courses would hurt either the Core, the Majors in question, or both. If the purpose of the Core is to provide interdisciplinary study which is relevant for student of all disciplines, how can these courses match the rigor and intensity of high level major electives? Indeed, for this reason, the one department which features a large number of cross-listed Core courses, English, imposed a cap on the number of Core courses allowed towards the major. On the other hand, if these courses do match the rigor of the offerings within the major, how can they still fulfill the purpose of the Core, which appeals to students from all majors, often in their first year? Therefore, cross-listing Core courses does not, and cannot fully rectify the severe decrease in number of professors seen by many departments. Secondly, beyond the limits within the Majors it can affect, cross-listing offers no help to many departments which saw significant decreases in recent years, such as sciences which are unaffected by these offerings (the one or two NAWO and EXQM courses per semester are miniscule in comparison to the size of each of these majors. Further, these courses replaced similar courses offered under the old curriculum).
The overall trend of courses offered continues to point downwards, with an increasingly intense slope. Though cross-listing courses helps certain majors to an extent, a more comprehensive solution, including hiring more professors, would be required to maintain the variety and number of courses offered only three years ago.
We apply a persistent homology analysis to investigate the behavior of nanovoids during the crazing process of glassy polymers. We carry out a coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulation of the uniaxial deformation of an amorphous polymer and analyze the results with persistent homology. Persistent homology reveals the void coalescence during craze formation, and the results suggest that the yielding process is regarded as the percolation of nanovoids created by deformation.
The craze caught fire with the production in 1887 of the Victor Bicycle,a machine with two identically sized wheels and a chain drive much likea modern bicycle. By 1885, over 400 bicycle factories were working non-stopto keep up with skyrocketing demand. In 1895, Americans bought 2 millionbikes, one for every 27 people in the country. Cycling "academies,"clubs, and professional races sprang up across the land.
But in 1902, Henry Ford introduced his "Tin Lizzy" automobile,and the bicycle craze was quickly replaced with an obsession with the car.The 1960s saw the beginning of a resurgence for the bicycle, and in 1984Americans bought 14 million bikes, compared with 10 million cars. Tangential & Radial Spokes
Invented in 1965 by three middle-aged fathers in Washington state, pickleball is a quirky cross between tennis, ping pong and badminton, played with a paddle and a perforated plastic ball. The founders are said to have named the game after a family dog called Pickles.
When the cross is complete, let it dry for a few hours. After the glue has set, gently remove it from the wax paper and glue the pop can tab to the top of the underside. This will allow your students to easily hang the cross at home.
Ugh! My printer will not print out the whole cross. Set at 100% scale, it cuts off the bottom of the cross. Not sure if there is a way to change the margins for printing? So wierd because it shows the whole cross in the pic, but no matter what I do, other than scaling it down to 90%, it cuts the bottom off. If I use the template at 90% will it still work?
I have seen this beautiful cross that you make with burnt matches but I am not good at trying to figure out the size of it and I have gotten my 300 matches burnt, I am 76 yrs old and I want to make myself one and each one of my three boys oneChristmas , my question is can you please give me the measurement , I did try it on a 8.5 x11 piece of paper and made a cross but before I do it I would like to know what the top of the cross is and how wide is the arms of the cross. thank you so very m uch and keep up with the good work you are doing.
Another option for minimizing craze lines is to make them less noticeable through whitening treatments. Craze lines become visible because stains from food, beverages, or smoking work their way into the cracks, causing darkening and discoloration.
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